Trash Trucks

bean cars trash trucks
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Trash Truck Evolution
The first real trash trucks were developed in the 1920’s to solve the problem of spilling refuse along the road during transport, and minimizing the odor associated with the use of open top vehicles for conveyance (shown at right). These covered body trash trucks had a small or large opening in the top of the body, and an operator would physically lift a waste receptacle above his shoulders to empty it into the trash truck.

side load trash trucks
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Side Load Trash Trucks
In the late 1920’s the side load hopper style trash truck was manufactured(shown at left). This trash truck had a hopper that was about waist height. The operator would fill the hopper, and with a lever and cable apparatus, would lift the hopper to the top of the truck, and dump the contents into an opening in the body.

Rear Load Conveyor Style Trash Trucks
In the early 1930’s the rear load, dual opening fixed hopper (shown at right) was being used in cities like New York, Chicago and Milwaukee. This truck had a conveyor that moved the material from the back to the front of the body, and side doors, to more evenly distribute the load throughout the body.

Rear Load Bucket Trash Trucks
The rear load bucket style trash trucks were used heavily in the 1930s and 1940s. Like the side load, this trash truck had a bucket at the rear of the truck (shown at left) that would be filled with garbage, then lifted over the truck by two arms, and emptied into an openening in the top of the body. There were also models that had a compactor plate at the front of the body.

rear load trash trucks
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Rear Load With Tailgate Compactor

This trash truck made it possible to compress the load toward the front of the truck with two tailgate panels, which allowed for more trash to be conveyed in each trip. Since that time the trash truck has evolved into a divers assortment of trash and debris removal equipment. In the coming articles, we will focus on four of those trash trucks that are utilized the most in the modern waste industry.

This article is based on information found on the following websites:
Classic Refuse Trucks News
Tiger Dude

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